Het spijt me zo voor het verlies van mensenlevens en voor de honderden miljoenen gevreesde dieren. Mijn hart stroomt uit naar iedereen die getroffen is door de bosbranden.
Terwijl je deze tekst leest, veranderen honderden hectaren in Australië in as. Dit zijn de natuurlijke en weerskenmerken van dit continent – de zogenaamde ‘bosbranden’.
Het vuur veegde bijna alle Australische staten, verwoestte de natuur op zes hectare. Als gevolg hiervan werden 25 mensen en bijna een half miljard dieren gedood. Duizenden Australiërs vierden Kerstmis niet thuis, maar in tijdelijke schuilplaatsen, waar ze moesten worden geëvacueerd vanwege de behandeling van branden. Ondanks het feit dat vuur voornamelijk bossen vernietigt, heeft smog de hemel in grote steden strakker gemaakt en Chili bereikt, op meer dan tienduizend kilometer van Australië.
Ik heb acht van de belangrijkste naar mijn mening de ergste gevolgen van de gebeurtenissen in Australië geïdentificeerd.
As a result of the fire, more than 18 million hectares of land were destroyed. In addition, more than 5,900 buildings were destroyed, including over 2,800 residential buildings. Many people and animals died.
2. The consequences for the environment.
Many bats and insects will also die in the following months as a result of the fact that they lost their habitat and source of food. This is only part of a larger problem, in which biological diversity is threatened, affecting the state of ecosystems. It is in forests that 80% of all terristrial species of animals, plants and insects live. Therefore, forest fires that have occurred in different parts of the planet in recent years have become a serious problem leading to a reduction in the number of species of animals and plants.
3. The health of people.
As a result of the fact that combustion products and smoke from fires reach cities, the worst air condition in the world was recorded in the Australian city of Canberra.
As the result of fires, harmful combustion products enter the air, which worsen the state of human health, especially for the respiratory system. In addition, particles that can irritate the mucous membranes of the eyes and nose get into the air.
The effect of this exposure can range from simple mucosal irritation to more serious disorders, including asthma and even death.
4. Influence outside the country
Smoke from fires can spread over long distances. Smoke from fires in Australia is already spreading over the Pacific Ocean and could reach Antarctica according to the World Meteorological Organization.
This led to a significant deterioration in the air quality in major cities in Australia, and also had an impact on air quality in New Zealand and South America. where smoke from fires reached Argentina and Chile.
5. Impact on the physical state
Fires affect not only the physical conditions of the population, but also the psychological state. The fact is that people are forced to survive the evacuation, leave their houses, pets en so on.
In some parts of the country the population cannot be evacuated quickly, which is associated with blocked roads.
Thus, people are actually locked up in dangerous conditions. Some were forces to seek refuge in boats or on the banks of water bodies. All this has a huge negative impact on the psychological state of the population.
6. Economic costs.
The impact of fires on Australia’s economy is still being studied, but it is clear to everyone that infrastructure has been damaged and that fires have had a significant impact on industries such as agriculture and tourism.
7. Climate implications.
Forest fires not only resulted from global climate change, but also contributed to a more intense climate change process. Until recently it was believed that forests absorb all the emissions that are in the atmosphere due to fires in the country.
However, due to global warming, forest fires have led to more intense carbon dioxide emissions. So, today the volume of emissions is estimated at 400 megatons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
This is almost equal to the average annual carbon dioxide emissions in Australia: this amount was in the atmosphere in just three month. This will lead to an increase in Australia’s green house emissions, which will contribute to global warming.
Ashes from forest fires settle in the yards, on the streets, it is washed off into the ocean on the shores of Australia, and also ends up in water bodies.
All this cannot but affect the quality of drinking water. Ashes contain various substances that can lead to deterioration of water quality, to the growth of algae and bacteria.
Ashes fall not only in water, but also into the soil, which also leads to a deterioration in this quality.
Therefore, the ingress of ash can lead to disruption of biosystems, which will negatively affect the condition of animal and plants.
My wish is for an end to these fires. For no more loss of life. And for rain...